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18 Lohans 十八羅漢

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  • 18 Lohans 十八羅漢

    shí bā luó hàn (Mandarin)

    An Arahant, or Lohan in Chinese, is one who has attained Enlightenment. The term “Arahant” is often used in Hinayana Buddhism. In Mahayana Buddhism, one who has attained Enlightenment is called a Buddha. The term “Lohan” is often used in Chinese Buddhism to denote a disciple who learned directly from the Buddha.

    Pindola Bharadvaja
    Pin-tu-lo-Po-lo-to-she(classical Chinese pronunciation), Bīndùluó Báluóduòshé(Mandarin)
    Deer-Riding Lohan 騎鹿羅漢 qí lù luó hàn (Mandarin)
    Sitting dignified on a dear, he had long eye-brows, was noted for psychic powers, and his voice was like the roar of a lion.

    Kanaka Vatsa
    Ka-no-ka-Fa-tso, Jiānuòjiā Fácuō
    Joyful Lohan 喜慶羅漢 xǐ qìng luó hàn
    He was very skillful in public speaking and debates. He said that happiness was experienced through the five senses but joy was experienced from within. He sometimes banged cymbals in his joy.

    Karaka Bharadvaja
    Ka-no-ka-Po-li-tou-she, Jiānuòjiā Bálíduòshé
    Raised Bow Lohan 舉缽羅漢 jǔ bō luó hàn
    A mendicant monk who asked for alms by raising his bowl, he often raised one leg in the air representing royal ease. He symbolized receiving gifts gracefully.

    Su-p’in-t’e, Sūpíntuó
    Lift Pagoda Lohan 托塔羅漢 tuō tǎ luó hàn
    He was the last disciple of the Buddha. He held a pagoda in his hand as a remembrance for the Buddha. The pagoda was then introduced into China.

    No-ku-lo, Nuòjùluó
    Meditating Lohan 靜座羅漢 jìng zuò luó hàn
    He was a great warrior with tremendous strength who later became a monk. He attained Enlightenment through meditation.

    Po-t’e-lo, Bátuóluó
    Oversea Lohan 過江羅漢 guò jiāng luò hán
    His name meant virtuous and sagacious. He spread the Dharma across the seas to the East Indies and Java.

    Ka-li-ka, Jiālǐjiā
    Elephant-Riding Lohan 騎象羅漢 qí xiàng luó hàn
    He was an elephant tamer. The elephant symbolizes strength, endurance and perseverance. Kalika represents patience, concentration and diligence.

    Fa-she-lo-fuh-to-lo, Fáshéluófúduō
    Laughing Lion Lohan 笑獅羅漢 xiào shī luóhàn
    He advocated that both practice and understanding were necessary to attain wisdom. He was a former lion hunter before becoming a monk. A lion cub joined him, grateful that he gave up his former profession.

    Shu-po-ka, Xūbójiā
    Open Heart Lohan 開心羅漢 kāi xīn luó hàn
    Open the heart and see the Buddha. Gobaka was a crown prince. His younger brother started a rebellion but Gobaka assuring his brother that he would denounce the kingdom to become a monk, took of his garment and exposed a Buddha image on his heart.

    Maha Panthaka
    Mo-ha Pan-t’o-ka, Bàntuōjiā
    Lifting Hands 探手羅漢 tàn shǒu luó hàn
    He was a prince but became a monk. After meditation he would raise his hands like Lifting the Sky.

    Lo-hu-lo, Luóhùluó
    Deep Concentration Lohan 沉思羅漢 chénsī luó hàn
    He was the Buddha’s son before the Buddha left the palace. Later he sought his father for his inheritance. His boyish look reflected his youth compared to the other Lohans.

    Na-ka-si-na, Nājiāxīnā
    Ear Cleansing Lohan 挖耳羅漢 wā ěr luó hàn
    Nagasena was usually depicted cleansing his ears which symbolized always hearing everything correctly. He had great supernatural powers and was an eloquent speaker and debater. He answered King Milinda’s famous questions.

    Yin-kie-t’e, Yīnjiētuó
    Cloth Bag Lohan 布袋羅漢 bù dài luó hàn
    Angida was a snake-catcher preventing them from harming people. He took off their fangs, put them into his bag and released them in the mountains, which symbolized exchanging bad for good.

    Fa-na-p’o-ssu, Fánāpósī
    Banana Tree Lohan 芭蕉羅漢 bā jiāo luó hàn
    He was born during a heavy rainstorm, thus his name which meant rain. He liked to meditate under a banana tree.

    A-shih-to, āshìduō
    Long Eyebrow Lohan 長眉羅漢 chǎng méi luó hàn
    He was born with two long eyebrows. In his previous life he was a monk who failed to attain Enlightenment even cultivating to old age with only two eyebrows left. He attained Enlightenment in this life.

    Chu-t’a -Pan-t’o-ka, Zhùchá Bàntuōjiā
    Door Watching Lohan 看門羅漢 kān mén luó hàn
    He was so slow-witted that he could not remember a single line of the Buddha’s teaching. The Buddha taught him to sweep the floor, and each time he swept he recited the word “Sweep”. In this way he focused his mind and attained Enlightenment.

    Nam-ti-mi-to-lo, Qìngyǒu
    Subduing Dragon Lohan 降龍羅漢 xiáng lóng luó hàn
    People stole Buddhist sutras. The Dragon King flooded the area and restored the sutras in his palace. Nantimitolo, which means Happy Friend, subdued the dragon guard and restored the sutras to the world.

    Pin-tu-lo, Bīntóulú
    Taming Tiger Lohan 伏虎羅漢 fú hǔ luó hàn
    Pindola was a Brahmin and a general who later became a monk. He heard a tiger howling every day. He gathered vegetarian food from the temple and fed the tiger.
    Last edited by Mark Blohm; 22 May 2013, 04:33 AM.
    少林華南台灣 Shaolin Wahnam Taiwan


    "Then how could chi kung overcome diseases where the cause is unknown or when there is no cure? The question is actually incorrect. The expressions "the cause is unknown" and "there is no cure" are applicable only in the Western medical paradigm. The expressions no longer hold true in the chi kung paradigm. In the chi kung paradigm the cause is known, and there is a cure."

    -Grandmaster Wong Kiew Kit